precious stones: Opal

Opal is a unique and highly prized precious stone that is known for its iridescent, multi-colored appearance. In this article, we will explore the history, properties, and uses of opal.


Opal has been known and valued for thousands of years. The ancient Greeks and Romans believed that it was a symbol of hope and purity, and that it had the power to bring good luck to its wearer. The name "opal" comes from the Sanskrit word "upala," which means "precious stone."

Opal is found in many parts of the world, including Australia, Ethiopia, and the United States. It has been used in jewelry and other decorative items for centuries.


Opal is a hydrated form of silica, and is composed of tiny silica spheres that are arranged in a regular pattern. The unique iridescence of opal is caused by the diffraction and interference of light as it passes through these silica spheres.

Opal can range in color from white to black, and can also have a range of other colors including pink, blue, and green. Opal is a relatively soft stone, with a Mohs hardness rating of 5.5 to 6.5 out of 10. It is more delicate than many other precious stones, and can be easily scratched or damaged.


The most common use of opal is in jewelry. It is often used in necklaces, earrings, and bracelets, and is particularly popular in rings. Opal is often paired with diamonds and other gemstones, as its iridescent colors complement many other colors well.

In addition to its use in jewelry, opal is also used in industry. It is used as a component in electronic equipment, as its properties make it useful for the manufacture of certain kinds of optical fibers. Opal is also sometimes used in medicine, as it is believed to have healing properties and to be able to stimulate the immune system.


Opal is a unique and highly prized precious stone. Its iridescent colors and delicate appearance make it a popular choice for jewelry, and its historical and cultural significance make it a fascinating and captivating stone. Whether used in jewelry or in industrial applications, opal is a testament to the enduring appeal of precious stones and their ability to inspire and enchant us.